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Pentax Spotmatic F 35mm MF SLR Film Camera

Pentax Spotmatic F 35mm MF SLR Film Camera
Film Camera Review: The first of the classic and iconic Pentax Spotmatic series of fully manual 35mm SLR film cameras with open-aperture metering.

The Pentax Spotmatic SP F (SPF), the first version of the classic and iconic Pentax Spotmatic series of 35mm fully manual SLR film cameras with open-aperture metering, was launched in 1973 and stayed in production until it was superseded by the Spotmatic ES, and subsequently, the ES II. The launch of the SPF was also accompanied by the release of the SMC Takumar series lenses which are updates of the previous Super-Mult-Coated Takumar line.

The new SMC Takumar lenses came fitted with added aperture-position linkages on the lens mount for the open-aperture metering system. The feature, however, is not functional when older series Super-Multi-Coated Takumar lenses are mounted on the SPF. When using these lenses, you still have to meter stop-down. This backward compatibility is provided for by the SPF through the metering system switch as found on other Spotmatic camera models.

Pentax Spotmatic F, SMC Takumar 55mm F2

To cater to the extended capability of the camera, the battery for the SPF was upgraded to the now-defunct PX625 mercury cell, and the meter circuit design was revised to take account of the lens aperture setting and to indicate correct exposure when zero current is flowing through the meter, which now allowed for a variation in voltage from the battery.

    Pentax Spotmatic F Video Manual 1 of 2

    Pentax's Spotmatic F, along with the ESII, represented the end of the Spotmatic line. The Spotmatics left production on a high note with the F being the best...

On the SPF, the light meter is constantly switched on but there is an automatic cut-off when the light is at EV2 or less, so it is important to keep the lens cap on when the camera is not in use, to conserve the battery.

Basic Camera Features

Mechanically, the Pentax Spotmatic F is fitted with a focal plane shutter with a speed range from 1 to 1/1000 second, and B. Film ISO speed setting ranges from 20 to 3200 (LV3 -18 for ASA 100 film with 50mm lens), a built-in self-timer with 6-12 seconds delay, and shutter button lock. Metering is by a TTL CdS meter which measures the average brightness of the ground glass, coupled directly to the shutter and film speed settings.

The Pentax Spotmatic F camera's body weight is 642 grams without batteries.

Pentax Spotmatic F, Front

A simple front, with the lens housing mount bevel raising to form part of the pentaprism housing, with the self-timer lever located to the lower left and the FP and X-flash terminals located vertically to the right.

Pentax Spotmatic F, Back

An equally plain back, with only the viewfinder eyepiece occupying the back of the pentaprism top, and the rest of the lower back occupied by the hinged film back.

Pentax Spotmatic F, Top

The top plane, where all the functional controls of the camera are, is populated by the integrated pull-up and turn film rewind crank, film back pull-up latch control, and film type reminder dial located towards the left end of the camera top, with the pentaprism housing fitted and hot-shoe almost central of the top plane.

The film reminder dial can be manually set to indicate the use of 24 or 36-exposure film rolls, and film type - color daylight type, color tungsten type, or black and white.

On the right of the top plane, the integrated shutter speed and pull-up and turn film ISO setting dial, shutter button, and lock, and the film forward crank embedded with a small film counter window.

A red dot appears in a small window just aside from the shutter release button when the film forward is fully cranked and the shutter is cocked, which changes to black when the shutter is released.

Pentax Spotmatic F, Bottom

On the bottom plane, the rewind release button, tripod socket, and film battery chamber cover.

Pentax Spotmatic F, Film box

The film box is a straightforward quick-load system with the film canister chamber, the picture frame window, sprocket gear, and a double-slit take-up spool. The film is loaded by pulling the tab end of the film roll across the back and slotted into the take-up spool before the film is wound firm to ensure the sprocket tooth is properly engaged before the film back is closed.

Once the back is closed use the two-blank shots technique to properly forward the start of the unexposed film roll to Frame 1.

Film Rewinding and Unloading

Film rewinding and unloading are by a sequence of first pressing the film rewind release button located on the bottom plate of the camera, next by extending the crank tab of the film rewind crank out and turning it clockwise to spool the exposed film back into the film canister.

Open the film back and remove the film canister once the rewind process is complete, once the tension that you feel while rewinding the film is released.

Viewfinder Readout

Pentax Spotmatic F, Viewfinder readout

The viewfinder of the Spotmatic F is a 93% field of view eye-level pentaprism finder fitted with non-interchangeable ground glass and microprism spot Fresnel screen.

The TTL metering mechanism display is a vertical +/- center-the-needle pointer scale located on the right of the viewfinder screen.

To set the camera for correct exposure, adjust the exposure needle indicator towards the middle of the opening. Setting the needle slightly above the center lightened the image in backlighted shots and doing it in the opposite direction will lighten up darkened objects.

This is the technique normally used as a means of exposure compensation when using the Spotmatic F.


The Spotmatic F required the use of a PX-625 mercury cell when it was first introduced. Since the battery is not available anymore, substitutes in the form of a standard LR or SR 44 button cell have been used with no ill effects.

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