Nikon FG 35mm Analog SLR Camera

Nikon FG 35mm Analog SLR Cameras

Introduction and Overview

Nikon FG, view front
When talking about recommendations for a great 35mm analog SLR camera for newbies or for those who want to get into analog photography, one should not miss out on the Nikon FG, the first 35mm SLR with Programmed Auto-Exposure (AE) from Nikon, as one of the great choices to make.

This is more so if one realizes that the FG features a lens mount that will accept each and every Nikkor manual focus lens produced since 1997, and converted pre-Ai lenses made before then. Each of these lenses can even be used with the FG's Program mode, something which cannot be said of other camera brands of that era.

The Nikon FG, an entry-level 35mm analog SLR was introduced in 1982. The camera replaces the Nikon EM which has been on the market since 1979 and came with substantial improvements which include full manual controls, aperture-priority shooting mode, and an excellent program mode.

Introduction to the Nikon FG 1, Video 1 of 2

Why the Nikon FG?

Though the FG's built is not as robust as Nikon's pro-level counterparts, the compact and diminutively small body is a lot more than what it seems.

The camera is equipped with a vertically-traveling, electro-mechanical Copal shutter that operates steplessly in Program and Aperture-Priority modes at speeds from 1 second to 1/1000 second, and quartz timed in manual mode. A mechanical 'M90' shutter speed option is available for operation without a battery, and Bulb mode for long exposures.

Nikon FG, view front top


The FG also comes with a self-timer, a backlit compensation buttons that automatically overexposes the scene by two stops, +2EV exposure compensation in 1/2 stops, film ISO range from 25 to 3200 (which can be extended to 6400 via the exposure compensation method), a detachable finger grip, and a film memo holder on the back.

You can also set the beeper, which warns when exposure speed is below the normal handheld threshold, to ON or OFF as per your shooting preference.

The FG is the only amateur-level model that comes with Nikon's TTL OTF flash control. The FG-20, which later replaces the FG, was actually a step-down model lacking TTL OTF control.


Basic Camera Features

The Nikon FG is elegant both in black or chrome.

Nikon FG, pair

The top plate of the camera sports the rewind lever which is integrated with the film ISO (pull and turn to operate) and Exposure Compensation (press the button located towards the back of the plate to operate) dial on the left, a fitted hot-shoe on top of the pentaprism, and on the right, the shutter button, which is integrated with the shutter speed selector dial, and the film forward crank.

Nikon FG, Top


The shutter speed selector dial deploys a button which has to be pressed to set the camera to (P)rogram mode, and again to release the camera from both the (P)rogram and (A)perture-Priority mode. A small lever located in between the knob and the film forward crank sets the beeper ON or OFF. The film counter window is located towards the right edge of the top plate.

Nikon FG, Front


The lens mount housing occupies the bulk of the front panel, with the self-timer lever mechanism located on the lower left area of the front panel, the finger grip on the front edge of the body, and on the right of the front panel, the lens release lock and the backlit compensation button, located just below the rewind crank dial.

Nikon FG, Back


The film memo holder is located on the film back, while on the bottom plate, the battery chamber and cover, film rewind release button, and the motor drive coupling and electrical contacts. With the camera on a stable tripod, the self-timer mode can also be used as a 'mirror lockup' mechanism for sharp and vibration free images.

Nikon FG, Bottom


Viewfinder Info

Nikon FG, Viewfinder info
The Nikon FG comes fitted with a large 92% coverage K2 split-image and microprism screen, which is one of the best of Nikon's focusing screen. It is bright, clear, and it is one of the reasons why the FG is also an exceptional low light camera.

The screen is also fitted with a pop-out style vertical bar for shutter speed display, augmented by a row of red LED which light up to indicate the exposure reading.


Metering

Metering on the Nikon FG is another of Nikon's greats, the classic 60/40 center-weighted pattern which is acknowledged to be almost flawless, accurate, and one which seems never to miss its mark. The sixty percent of the exposure value is metered from the center of the frame with the remaining forty percent averaged in from the remainder of the image.


Programmed AE (Automatic Exposure) Mode

Nikon FG, Programme mode chart
The (P)rogrammed Automatic Exposure mode is what the Nikon FG is all about. In this mode, the FG's will read center-weighted brightness of the image and interpolates the reading to a set of an ideal combination of stepless lens opening and stepless shutter speed from 1 to 1/1000 second (see illustration).

Nothing could be simpler, and the system is accurate and dependable.

All you have to do is to make sure that the lens aperture is set to its minimum, and that the shutter speed recommendation is within the handheld threshold.


Aperture Priority AE Mode

Nikon FG, Top detail
The (A)perture Priority AE mode, also referred as the 'depth of field' or 'Portrait' mode let you be more creative with aperture-priority exposure automation, where you select how large or small you want the lens aperture opening to be. The camera will next pick the shutter speed to match the opening of the diaphragm.

In this mode, the matching shutter speed to your preselected aperture is also stepless and automatic, from I to 1/1000 of a second.


Manual Exposure Control

The FG allows you to forego both automation mode and do your shots in full manual mode instead. Do this by setting both lens aperture and shutter speed yourself. The LED lights in the viewfinder will indicate the optimum shutter speed you should set the shutter speed to, use this information as a guide, for example, to create under- or over-exposed shots.


M90 and B Shutter Speeds

The M90 (1/90sec.) shutter speed setting enables the camera to be used when the battery is drained, and B is for long exposures. These two are controlled mechanically and are independent of battery power. You can also use the M90 to solve unstable behavior of the shutter mechanism, if it does happen.


Lens Compatibility

The FG requires Automatic Indexing (AI) Nikkor lenses for its P and A modes to function, meaning that you can only use Ai, AI-S, and Nikon Series E Lenses. Non-Ai and AI-converted lenses are not generally usable, so does AF, VR, and DX lenses, which will mount, but will not function properly.


Film Loading

One unique feature of the FG is during film loading, which I am sure you are familiar with, or when the film back is opened, where the electronics are disabled and the camera defaults to the mechanical 'M90' shutter setting. The system will reactivate only after the film back is closed and the film has been forwarded to Frame 1, ensuring that the 2 blank shots you need for the frame forward is not hindered by any presets.

Nikon FG, Film box


Battery

The Nikon FG requires a pair of  SR or AR44 button cells to power the shutter and metering system. These cells are easily available, and only need to be replaced after a period of intermittent use. Without the battery, you still can use the FG in full manual mode with the shutter speed set to 'M90' and the Sunny-16 Rule for the aperture setting of your lens.


Using The Camera

Even with a Nikon Series E 50mm f/1.8 lens fitted, the Nikon FG is still very light, compact, comfortable on your hands, and easy on the neck. Shooting in Program mode is all but worry-free, set the shutter speed dial to 'P', set the aperture of the lens to its smallest setting, and you are all set to go.

Go deeper into the DoF (Depth of Field) realm with the Aperture-Priority mode. Set the shutter dial to 'A', the lens aperture to what you want it to be, and the FG will set the shutter speed automatically for that all important shot.

Nikon FG, Front oblique


Go into manual mode and the world vistas will start to open up. Have a Speedlight handy, see how the TTL OTF control handles your images. Fit another Nikkor Ai-S lens to the camera, and the world will open up right in front of your eyes.

The FG has also been said to be one of the best amateur cameras on the vintage market ...



Resource Links:
Nikon FG - Camera Review
Nikon FG - Wikipedia

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