Nikon F2 Photomic 35mm SLRs

Nikon F2 Photomic 35mm SLRs
Professional, best of the breed, world's top 35mm SLRs from 1971 through 1980, and maybe rightly so, the best 35mm SLR camera ever. I too had a liking for this camera, and over the last few years, have collected, used and sold a few on my sales blog.

Introduced in 1971, the Nikon F2 is a mechanical shutter SLR system camera, made to replace the original Nikon F. As a system camera, the F2 also comes with a plethora of interchangeable finders, interchangeable focusing screens, 250-exposure backs, motor drives and more.

During the production run of the Nikon F2, Nikon introduces a new head, or the interchangeable viewfinders, every couple of years or so, which then redefines the version of the camera.

The F2 was also the last all-mechanical professional-level Nikon SLR.

Nikon F2 35mm Film Camera Overview / Review (Part 1)

The F2 and the F Family

The F2 and the F Family
The F2 is the second member of the long line of Nikon F-series professional level 35 mm SLRs that began with the Nikon F (1959–1974), the F3 (1980–2001), F4(1988–1996), F5 (1996–2005) and F6 (2004–present). The common denominator of the F-series is the F-mount lens system.

Initially, the F2 came with a plain pentaprism eye-level head called the Nikon DE-1. The DE-1 does not have a light meter and comes only with a flash-ready light. The DE-1 is also the only head for the F2 that is available in both chrome and black, while all other subsequent Photomic heads are only available in black. The camera became an F2 Photomic when it carries a pentaprism head with a built-in light meter.

Over its production evolution, the F2 series carries five different metering heads, thus five different F2 Photomic versions:

  • F2 Photomic
  • F2 Photomic S
  • F2 Photomic SB
  • F2 Photomic A
  • F2 Photomic AS

The Photomic head requires two S76 or A76, or SR44 or LR44 batteries to power its electronics.

Also available for the F2 are the meter-less heads: Nikon DW-1 waist-level finder, the DA-1 action finder, and the DW-2 6X magnifying finder.

Nikon F2 35mm Film Camera Overview / Review (Part 2)

Nikon F2 Photomic (1971-1977)

Nikon F2 Photomic (1971-1977)
The original Nikon F2 Photomic (1971-1977) comes with the Nikon DP-1 head, which had a center-the-needle exposure control system. New features of the original Nikon F includes a faster 1/2000 second maximum shutter speed, a swing open back for easier film loading, a wider range of finders and metering heads, a 250 exposure film back, a larger reflex mirror to ensure no vignetting, and a shutter release nearer the front of the camera for better ergonomics.


Nikon F2 Photomic S (1973-1977)

Nikon F2 Photomic S (1973-1977)
The F2 Photomic S (1973-1977) comes with the DP-2 head, functionally very similar to the DP-1 but with an all-solid-state LEDs exposure control system. The light meter on the DP-2 has better low light sensitivity than the DP-1 – down to Exposure Value (EV) −2, instead of EV 1, at ASA 100.


Nikon F2 Photomic SB (1976 to 1977)

Nikon F2 Photomic SB (1976 to 1977)
The F2 Photomic SB (1976 to 1977), with the DP-3 head, introduces three innovations to the lineup: a silicon photodiode light meter (a first for Nikon SLRs) for faster and more accurate light readings, a five-stage LED exposure control system, and an eyepiece blind.

The 'Nikon Shuffle'
The 'Nikon shuffle' is the standard procedure common to F2 users when where lenses are fitted to the F2 bodies. The three early Photomic heads required Nikon F-mount lenses that come with the meter coupling shoe or what is affectionately known as the "rabbit ears".

When mounted the aperture ring on each lens must be turned back and forth to the smallest aperture (largest f-stop number) and then to the largest aperture (smallest f-stop number) to ensure that the lens and the head couple properly.

Strange as it may seem, that was the standard procedure practiced by photographers using Nikon and Nikkormat cameras of the 1960s and 1970s.

Nikon F2 Photomic A

Nikon F2 Photomic A
The F2 Photomic A, DP-11 head, and the F2 Photomic AS, DP-12 head, (both introduced in 1977), functions just like the DP-1 and DP-3 previously, with the exception that these heads now supports the Automatic Indexing (AI) feature introduced with the Nikkor AI lenses of 1977. The AI lenses allow for a carefree lens mounting and ended the 'Nikon Shuffle' of Nikon/Nikkormat user from before.


Nikon F2 Photomic AS

Nikon F2 Photomic AS
The F2 Photomic AS, with the DP-12 head, was the most advanced version of the series and has become the most desired and collected F2 today.


Nikon DS-1 or DS-2 EE Aperture Control Units

The F2 Photomic S (DP-2 head) and F2SB Photomic SB (DP-3 head) also accepted the unusual Nikon DS-1 or DS-2 EE Aperture Control Units, a shutter priority auto-exposure system that uses an electric servomotor to set the lens aperture ring in response to the set shutter speed and light meter reading.


Focusing Screens

The F2 also came with interchangeable viewfinder focusing screens.

Standard Type K screen that has a central 3 mm split image rangefinder and 1 mm microprism collar focusing aids on a matte/Fresnel background plus a 12 mm etched circle indicating the area of the meter center weighting.

Other options include:
  • Type A – Central 3 mm split image rangefinder plus 12 mm etched circle. This was standard with early F2s, changeover to Type K is around  1976.
  • Type B – Central 5 mm focusing spot plus 12 mm etched circle, for close-ups and long telephotos.
  • Type C – Central 4 mm clear spot with cross-hair reticle. Very bright, used for photo-microscopy, astrophotography, and parallax focusing method.
  • Type D – Plain matte screen. Best for with long telephoto lenses with small apertures.
  • Type E – Type B with a grid of 5 horizontal and 3 vertical lines, referred to as the "architectural screen," excellent for "Rule of Thirds" image composition. 
  • Type G – Central 12 mm extra-bright microprism without matte background (cannot assess the depth of field), G1–G4 for specific focal length lenses (switching lenses might necessitate switching the screen too).
  • Type H – Fullscreen extra-bright microprism; also cannot assess the depth of field. Four versions, H1–H4 for specific focal length lenses.
  • Type J – Central 4 mm microprism plus 12 mm etched circle.
  • Type L – Type A, but with rangefinder set at a 45° angle from lower left to upper right, permits focusing on horizontal or vertical subjects.
  • Type M – Central 5 mm double crosshairs with marked horizontal and vertical scales, for photo-microscopy.
  • Type P - Type L, but adds 1 mm microprism collar and fullscreen crosshair, originally marketed as the "Apollo P screen," the screen favored by NASA on their Nikon bodies.
  • Type R – Type E, but adds a 3 mm split image rangefinder to the center of the screen.
  • Type S – for F2 Data, Type A with etched marking for data imprint area.
  • Type T – for F2 Type A with etched markings for taking pictures of TV screens.
Note: Screens for the F2 were interchangeable with the ones for the Nikon F, but not with later F-series SLRs.


Accessories

Accessories made available for the F2 includes:
  • Nikon MD-1 (1971) and MD-2 (1973) motor drives, up to 5 frames per second film advance, 6 if the mirror was locked up, plus power rewind. Both require the Nikon MB-1 battery pack which holds 10 AA or LR6 batteries in two Nikon MS-1 battery clips. 
  • Nikon MD-3 motor drive, lighter, cheaper and less capable than the MD-1, no power rewind and an advance rate of 2.5 frames/s with the standard MB-2 battery pack holding 8 AA or LR6 batteries. 
  • Nikon MF-1 (33/10 feet/meters film = 250 frames; required two Nikon MZ-1 film cassettes) and MF-2 (100/30 feet/meters film = 750 frames; required two MZ-2 film cassettes) bulk film backs. The MF-2 and its MZ-2 cassettes are rare finds if you ever chance across them.
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-2 (guide number 82/25 (feet/meters) at ASA 100), SB-5 (guide number 105/32 (feet/meters) at ASA 100), SB-6 (guide number 148/45 (feet/meters) at ASA 100) and SB-7E (guide number 82/25 (feet/meters) at ASA 100) electronic flashes, from 1976 onward, mounted in a unique-to-Nikon-F-and-F2 hot shoe fitted on top of the film rewind crank. 
  • Nikon ML-1 Modulite, a wireless infrared remote controller with a 200/60 feet/meters line-of-sight range. The ML-1 is a two-part device: a handheld transmitter and the camera mounted receiver which needed to be connected to a motor drive. The Nikon MW-1 was a similar device, larger and more powerful.
  • Nikon MT-1, an intervalometer that allows completely untended time-lapse photography.
  • Minor accessories include straps, cases, bags, remote firing cords, eyecups, eyepiece correction lenses, supplementary close-up lenses, lens hoods, filters and cases are also available for the F2. 
Nikon photographic system
In 1978, a complete Nikon photographic system of cameras, lenses, and accessories totaling nearly 450 items is priced in excess of US$110,000, the most extensive and expensive system in the world.


Resource Links:
Nikon F2 Cameras
Nikon F2 Photomic: The SLR by which all others are judged

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